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November 27, 2014

The Richest Women in the World

Holly Branston

Holly Branston
Holly Branston
She is the daughter of famous Sir Richard Branson. Holly has a medical degree which she received in 2007; she worked for a year in the neurology department of Chelsea and Westminster Hospital. Today her medical career is a thing of the past. She is involved in many of her father’s business activities around the world such as listening to South African kids pitch their startup ideas at the Branson Center of Entrepreneurship in Johannesburg, South Africa.


Lydia Hearst

Lydia Hearst
  The hot Lydia Hearst is an American performer, fashion model, blogger and heiress to a publication established by her great-grandfather, William Randolph Hearst, and daughter of Patricia Campbell Hearst. Although her birth name is Lydia Marie Hearst-Shaw, she is known widely as Lydia Hearst.

 Ivanka Trump

Ivanka Trump
Ivanka Trump was born in the city of New York, you might recognize her dad, American business magnate Donald Trump. She attended Georgetown University for two years, and then transferred to Wharton Business at the University of Pennsylvania, she has a bachelor’s degree in Economics. Before joining the Trump family business, Ivana worked for Forest City Enterprises and cooperated with Dynamic Diamond Corp.  Recently she has also released her own line of fashionable handbags and footwear. Ivanka Trump published a book named The Trump Card: Playing to Win in Work and Life, which came out to the shelf’s October 2009. On that same month, Trump married businessman Jared Kushner, the couple has currently two kids. 

Jocelyn Wildenstein

Jocelyn Wildenstein
Jocelyn Wildenstein
Who cares if you look like a cat, when you have $500 million in the bank? Jocelyn Wildenstein was nicknamed Catwoman after one too many surgeries caused disfiguration, making her look like a cat. She has since said that she deliberately wanted to look like a feline, after her now ex husband told her he loved big cats. They had a pretty nasty divorce, after she walked in on him and a 19 year old model before he threatened her with a gun… Lovely! However, this hasn’t stopped the New York socialite from having the time of her life.

Donatella Versace

Donatella Versace
You may recognize this name, as being one of the biggest fashion designers in the world. It was actually Donatella’s older brother, Gianni, who set up the first Versace fashion business in the family, before she was given her own label to work with. Unfortunately, Gianni passed away in 1997 and Donatella was made Vice-President and chief designer of the Versace group. Her incredible business mind and eye for fashion has ensured she has a rather tasty net work of $200 million. She could have had more, however she gave her daughter 50% whilst her other brother owns 20%. Other business ventures for Donatella include a luxury five star hotel chain and a jewelery collection, she also once dabbled in designing cars for MINI Cooper.  

Elizabeth Holmes

In the year 2002, Elizabeth Holmes started studying at Stanford University the art of chemistry. She later used the money that her parents had saved for her education, to establish a company named Real-Time Cures in the city of Palo Alto. Later, she changed the company’s name to Theranos. At first, she worked out of a basement of a house. One semester later, she dropped out of school to pursue her business career full-time; she wrote a patent on a wearable patch for conducting tests. Her Professor served as a Director of the company.
Over the next decade, the company grew and grew, raising a whopping amount of $400 million. During its first years, Theranos operated under the radar, remaining highly secretive to avoid waking up potential competitors.
By 2014, her offered 200 tests and had 500 employees. The company is valued at more than $8 billion. Holmes currently has 18 US patents and 66 non-US patents under her name. Holmes is the youngest self-made woman billionaire in the world, where she her personal net worth is an estimated $4.5 billion. 

November 21, 2014

Who's Performing At The 2014 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show

THE VICTORIA’S SECRET FASHION SHOW crosses the Pond when it films in London for the first time, for broadcast this holiday season on the CBS Television Network.
Recognize those four beautiful people up there? That's Taylor Swift, Ed Sheeran, Ariana Grande & Hozier, of course. It was announced  that all of them will be playing at this year's edition of Victoria's scheduled to air on December 9th 2014.
The 2013 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show broadcast was the night’s #1 show in adults 18-49 and adults 18-34 on CBS.
Our team became devoted fan of Hozier after his “Take Me to Church” and “From Eden” smash hits.

November 08, 2014

Shoulder injury from Flu shots and other vaccinations

Recently a member of our blog crew received a flu shot and subsequently experienced symptoms very similar to the ones described in the article below.  It is based on the work done by Cheryl Simmons, a registered nurse from Wilmington, Del. We also used other sources to compile this posting.
The main idea was to go for any vaccine shot prepared not to scare or stop our readers of receiving flu or other shots.If you are looking for pros and cons of the flue shots check following posting out:
Flu shot may be good for  your heart or Is it the flu or norovirus? How to tell the difference
We want you to go prepared for the shot administered in your arm to avoid rare but some time long term complications from something considered to be a routine injection. 
Influenza vaccination administration is performed millions of times each year by nurses, an unintended consequence can occur, namely shoulder injury related to vaccination administration, or SIRVA.
Recipients of the influenza vaccination should be informed about the possibility of this injury.
Nurse education regarding SIRVA centers on teaching the proper technique required to prevent improper penetration to the bursa when performing an injection to the mid-deltoid region.

Vaccination Technique
Vaccination TechniqueCurrent administration suggestions include that both the person who administers the vaccine and the recipient be seated.2 Varying methods to denote the specific proper injection site have been researched. Palpating the acromion process then placing the needle three to four fingers below helps ensure the injection is administered into the thickest and most central region of the muscle.3
Cook (2011) recommends abduction of the arm to 60% with the recipient's hand on their hip to allow for proper landmark site selection midway between the acromion and deltoid tuberosity4 Knowledge about anatomy is imperative to prevent injecting too high, thus predisposing to SIRVA.4 Appropriate needle size is also a consideration, according to the CDC.5
Cases of SIRVA could be prevented, however, by updating CDC injection guidelines, including a recommendation for seated positioning.6,7

Data Analysis
Attention to shoulder injury from vaccination was reported by Bodor and Montalvo (2007). They noted an inflammatory immune response in patients reporting injection location in a high area of the deltoid muscle with results including subacromial bursitis.8

Physicians reviewing the database of claims submitted to the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) identified and researched reports of shoulder injury.9 Included in the research are reports that the "vaccine hit something hard".7 They termed this phenomenon SIRVA and reiterated the need for appropriate injection technique.
Injury symptoms include pain beginning at the time of injection (or within 24 hours) and impairment of range of motion.9 MRI results included collection of fluid, bursitis, tendonitis, and rotator cuff tears.9 Treatment includes steroid injection and possible [arthroscopic shoulder] surgery.9
The landmark investigation by Atanasoff, et. al. created legitimacy of the SIRVA diagnosis. It is now is a compensable injury from the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration, Healthcare Systems Bureau, of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, when proof can be made that the condition was caused by the vaccine; such as by medical records or testimony based on expert opinion.10

Currently, SIRVA is not listed on the Vaccine Injury Table despite a 2011 proposal by Ryan (2011), a co-researcher with Atanosoff. Ryan's Report Generated Proposals for Updates to the Vaccine Injury Table (VIT) included the information that "the IOM reviewed the scientific and medical literature finding that the evidence convincingly supported a causal relationship between vaccine administration and deltoid bursitis" and that "Atanasoff et al. published a [sic] case series reporting the experience of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program with regard to shoulder injuries following vaccination. The IOM reviewed this article and commented that the cases were consistent with deltoid bursitis."11

Research by Barnes, et. al. (2012) revealed that between 2010 and 2012 there were 167 reports of shoulder injury from influenza vaccination, predominantly occurring in women, to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS).6 This reporting system is different from the vaccine compensation program and is sponsored by both the CDC and FDA.12 Reporting events is not mandatory, however, therefore there is no way to establish the number of events that are not reported.6
Meanwhile, in addition to administering the flu vaccine, many nurses will be the recipient of vaccination, including some who might decline it if the could. New York has mandated vaccination for healthcare providers in the state since 2009.13 And while mandating vaccination remains controversial, a goal of Healthy People 2020 is a 90% rate of healthcare worker coverage.14 The American Academy of Pediatrics has advocated for mandatory vaccination of healthcare workers since 2009.15

Until an updated standard of technique to prevent SIRVA becomes available from the CDC, institutions should develop their own guidelines. Policy development should include training to those who will be administrating vaccinations each year.
The volume of vaccinations given each year in a short time frame warrants the emphasis that this is not a benign process. Recipients should be informed that complications can occur from poor technique and therefore be able to use this knowledge to aid in prevention of injury.
Remember, it is the ethical duty of nurses to support optimal health and safety, according to ANA, and without the knowledge to prevent SIRVA on part of those performing vaccinations, this cannot be done.16

References for this article can be accessed here.
The original article by Cheryl Simmons may be found by clicking the link below.

October 06, 2014

2014 Nobel price awarded discovery opens window onto Alzheimer's disease

Rolling Pebbles : Newwindow onto Alzheimer's disease(Reuters) - The discovery of cells in the brain that act as the body's internal global positioning system, which won three scientists the Nobel Prize for medicine on Monday, opens an intriguing new a window onto dementia.
Since these spatial cells are among the first to be hit in Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia -- explaining why sufferers often lose their way -- understanding how they are degraded should shed important light on the disease process.
That is the belief of British-American researcher John O'Keefe, winner of the 2014 prize alongside Norwegians May-Britt and Edvard Moser, who plans to take his research to the next level as director of a new brain institute in London.
"We're now setting up to do much more high-tech studies where we hope to follow the progression of disease over time," he told reporters after hearing he would share the 8 million Swedish crowns ($1.1 million) prize.
"This will give us the first handle as to when and where the disease starts and how we can attack it at a the molecular and cellular level."
The battle against Alzheimer's has been long and frustrating. Global cases of dementia are expected to treble by 2050, yet scientists are still struggling to understand its basic biology and drug development is littered with failures.
The work by O'Keefe and the Mosers will not lead to immediate breakthroughs but by explaining how cells function -- and then fail to function -- in two very specific regions of the brain it is seen as vital for unpicking how Alzheimer's develops.
Dementia, of which Alzheimer's is the most common form, already affects 44 million people worldwide and that number is set to reach 135 million by 2050, according to Alzheimer's Disease International, a non-profit campaign group.
"Understanding how the healthy brain functions, especially areas of the brain crucial to learning and memory, is incredibly important in understanding what changes occur during conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease," said Doug Brown, director of research and development at Britain's Alzheimer's Society.
The Nobel Prize winners' work on the brain's navigation system stretches back more than 40 years, but more recently scientists have developed powerful new tools for studying brain circuits that O'Keefe plans to put to work at the new London research institute where his is director.
The first of more than 150 scientists will start work at the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour at University College London next year, using state-of-the-art lasers, molecular biology and computational modeling to explore the brain's intricate wiring.
The Group of Eight leading industrial countries set a goal last December of finding a cure or effective treatment for dementia by 2025.
It is a decade since the last drug was approved to treat Alzheimer's, and there is still no treatment that can slow the progression of the disease, with current drugs only easing some of the symptoms of the disorder.
"We all know there is a time bomb there," O'Keefe said. "We are starting to get a handle on it but that doesn't mean it is going to turn into a cure in the immediate future."

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